Nigeria is experiencing a multiple malnutrition burden, where undernutrition, including micronutrient deficiencies, exists alongside overweight, obesity, and associated diet-related non-communicable diseases. Recent data show that 37 percent of children under five years of age are stunted while 68 percent suffer some degree of anemia, while approximately one-third of adults are overweight or obese.
In this paper, the authors identify and discuss the types of research that can support the operationalization of food systems approaches to improve the quality of diets in Nigeria. Through a process that included a consultative workshop with key stakeholders, a literature review, and applying a food systems framework to the Nigerian context, they identified 39 research questions crucial to: understanding how changes in food systems can lead to healthier diets; identifying and testing entry points for improving availability and effective demand for healthier food; and creating at scale a supportive policy and market environment for achieving heathier and sustainable diets in Nigeria.
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